ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

In by 8brand

For the average person out there the word Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a complex field of study and they usually don’t think much of it other than linking it to the image of Terminator.
Although it is a sci-fi movie about how robots control the world, which (hopefully) won’t happen soon, we do however find ourselves in the dawn of an era where AI is a very real concept. We might not interact with robots on the street yet but this however does not mean that most people don’t have interactions with some AI concepts on a daily basis.
AI is everywhere around us, in all shapes and sizes, and more subtle then you may expect. When looking at AI in terms of everyday objects, it can be anything from Google’s search predictions, voice recognition like Apple’s Siri, Facebook bots and yes, even robots.
John McCarthy one of the founders of the discipline of AI said, “Every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it. An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves.”
This was over 60 years ago, and still very relevant to the development of AI. Although there are thousands of different types of AI at the moment we will be looking at the three major movements currently. The first refers to technologies that behave like humans, but do not think and reason like a real human being. These AI’s only respond to a preset of algorithms that allows it to formulate a solution to the problem presented to it.
The second refers to quite a popular development recently. An example of this is Facebook’s new bots. These systems are inspired by human reasoning, but cannot reason entirely for itself. They read information, just like humans would, they recognise patterns and then build conclusions they understand to be the correct solution to the question asked, in terms of the information it has read.
In April 2016 Mark Zuckerberg announced the launch of this new platform that will be operating on Facebook Messenger, the service will allow all businesses to build their own custom bots in Messenger. With tools for creating these bots only becoming better, developers are creating better conversational UI’s by the day. In July 2016 there were already around 11 000 bots available on Facebook Messenger, and by the day more are being developed.
These chat bots make use of AI in order to have ‘human like’ conversations. Surprisingly the bots are able to have normal conversations that make sense and are helpful, while seeming human like. They are ideally there to make some daily tasks easier and to eliminate frustration. Even though they are not yet perfect success is in the near future.
Lastly we have the most advance type of AI, these technologies simulates the human brain. They are designed to learn and self improve. They will ideally think like the human brain as well as give insight into how the human brain works. They will be able to do everything humans do and more.
Google’s Deep mind have developed one of the first machine learning prototypes, named AlphaGo. It did not only respond to a set of pre-coded rules, but figured out for itself how to play the ancient abstract board game, Go. AlphaGo has advanced to the stage where
it is now unbeatable by world champion Go players. What truly makes this extraordinary is that Go is not a strategic game with a set amount of outcomes like chess that the AI can solve. Go has more outcomes than there are atoms in the universe, human intuition is needed and advance players would admit to sometimes making certain moves because ‘it felt right’.Do you see where this is going?
“Every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it. An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves.”
CONCLUSION
This rapid development of AI struck concern with some of our world leaders in technology, like Elon Musk, Stephan Hawking, Nick Bostrom and many more. As exciting as the advancement of this technology is, we need to keep the dangers of creating a being more intelligent than ourselves in mind. Our brains have capabilities animals lack, and that is what makes us superior, just imagine what can become of us if we become inferior to a more intellectual being that we created ourselves.